sour

sour [sour]
adj.
[ME soure < OE sur, akin to Ger sauer, ON sūrr < IE * suro-, sour, salty > Latvian sũrs, salty, bitter]
1. having the sharp, acid taste of lemon juice, vinegar, green fruit, etc.
2. made acid or rank by or as by fermentation [sour milk]
3.
a) cross, bad-tempered, peevish, morose, etc. [a sour mood]
b) ill-disposed and bitter [sour toward former associates]
4. below what is usual or normal; poor; bad [his game has gone sour]
5. distasteful or unpleasant
6. gratingly wrong or off pitch [a sour note]
7. excessively acid: said of soil
8. tainted with sulfur compounds: said of gasoline, etc.
n.
1. that which is sour; something sour
2. a cocktail made with lemon or lime juice, sugar, and, usually, soda water [a whiskey sour]
vt., vi.
to make or become sour [the milk will sour, soured on life]
sourly
adv.
sourness
n.
SYN.- SOUR usually implies an unpleasant sharpness of taste and often connotes fermentation or rancidity [sour milk ]; ACID suggests a sourness that is normal or natural [a lemon is an acid fruit ]; ACIDULOUS suggests a slightly sour or acid quality [acidulous spring water ]; TART1 suggests a slightly stinging sharpness or sourness and usually connotes that this is pleasant to the taste [a tart cherry pie ] -ANT. SWEET

English World dictionary. . 2014.

Synonyms:

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  • sœur — [ sɶr ] n. f. • soer, sorur 1080; seror 1050; lat. soror 1 ♦ Personne de sexe féminin, considérée par rapport aux autres enfants des mêmes parents; ou encore d un même père (sœur consanguine) ou d une même mère (sœur utérine)(⇒ demi sœurdans ces… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • sour´ly — sour «sowr», adjective, verb, noun, adverb. –adj. 1. having a taste like that of vinegar or lemon juice; sharp and biting: »Most green fruit is sour. SYNONYM(S): acid, acidulous, tart. 2. fermented; acid as a result of fermentation; spoiled. Sour …   Useful english dictionary

  • Sour — Sour, a. [Compar. {Sourer}; superl. {Sourest}.] [OE. sour, sur, AS. s?r; akin to D. zuur, G. sauer, OHG. s?r, Icel. s?rr, Sw. sur, Dan. suur, Lith. suras salt, Russ. surovui harsh, rough. Cf. {Sorrel}, the plant.] 1. Having an acid or sharp,… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Sour — Sour, v. t. [AS. s?rian to sour, to become sour.] 1. To cause to become sour; to cause to turn from sweet to sour; as, exposure to the air sours many substances. [1913 Webster] So the sun s heat, with different powers, Ripens the grape, the… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • sour — sour, acid, acidulous, tart, dry mean having a taste devoid of sweetness. All but dry suggest the taste of lemons, vinegar, or of most unripe fruits. Sour and acid are often interchangeable, but sour is more likely to be chosen to describe… …   New Dictionary of Synonyms

  • sour — sour; sour·berry; sour·dine; sour·i·quois; sour·ish; sour·ly; sour·ness; sour·sob; vav·a·sour; …   English syllables

  • sour — Ⅰ. sour UK US /saʊər/ verb [I or T] ► to become, or cause to become, less pleasant, friendly, or successful: »Meeting clients unexpectedly can sour a relationship. »Loans are souring, as bankruptcies and the bad debts they leave behind keep… …   Financial and business terms

  • sour on — informal : having a bad opinion of (something) She was sour on politics in general. • • • Main Entry: ↑sour sour on [phrasal verb] sour on (something) or sour (someone) on (something …   Useful english dictionary

  • Sour — 〈[saʊər] m.; od. s, 〉 alkohol. Mixgetränk mit Zitronen od. Limonensaft ● Whisky Sour [<engl. sour „sauer“] * * * Sour   [sur], Stadt in Südlibanon, Sur. * * * Sour [ zauɐ, engl. saʊə], der; [s], s [engl. sour, eigtl. = sauer]: stark… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • sour — ► ADJECTIVE 1) having a sharp taste like lemon or vinegar. 2) tasting or smelling rancid from fermentation or staleness. 3) resentful, bitter, or angry. ► NOUN ▪ a cocktail made by mixing a spirit with lemon or lime juice. ► VERB ▪ make or become …   English terms dictionary

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